Palm Springs is located in Riverside County, California in the United States. It covers an area of ninety-five square miles and has a population of over forty-two thousand residents. Palm Springs lies approximately one hundred and thirty-six miles northeast of San Diego, one hundred and eleven miles east of L.A. and thirty-seven miles east of San Bernardino. The city is surrounded by the Little San Bernardino Mountains, the Santa Rosa Mountains and the San Jacinto Mountains. It is in the Coachella Valley desert and enjoys over three hundred and fifty-four days of sunshine each year. In the summer, the temperatures are above 100 degrees Fahrenheit and during the winter, the temperatures are between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Since its located in a desert, the city gets less than six inches of rain a year.
Palm Springs can trace its history back to the Cahuilla Indians. These Native American are believed to have lived in the region for over five hundred years. In the nineteenth century Spanish explorers named the area “Agua Caliente” or hot water in English. The current name of the city can be attributed to government surveyors who cited that a mineral spring was located at the base of two palm trees. In 1896, the Agua Caliente Reservation was founded by the federal government and is located within the city limits. Palm Springs was traditionally only a winter resort town, but during the 1970s a lot of retirees began to move into the valley. This caused the city to began its transformation into a year round community. Today, the city relies on two things for its economic survival, these are casino gambling and tourism.
The Palm Springs Aerial Tramway is a popular attraction in the city. Its the largest rotating aerial tramway in the world and was opened in 1963. The purpose of its construction was to allow visitors to reach the peak of San Jacinto Peak from the bottom of Coachella Valley. The tram gives visitors an eight minute trip from Valley Station up six thousand feet to Mountain Station. The cars are eighteen feet in diameter and rotate so vistors can get a three hundred and sixty degree view of the area. At the top, visitors can walk nature trails or even ride a burro during the summer months. There are also two restaurants and gift shops as well. Mountain Station features a theater that plays the history of the attraction. The view from the peak is stunning, and visitors can see over two hundred miles to the north and over seventy miles to the east and west.
Another popular attraction in Palm Springs is the San Jacinto Mountains. This mountain range extends for thirty miles from the San Bernardino Mountains to the anta Rosa Mountains. The Cahuilla Native Americans live around the base of the mountain and they use it for foraging and hunting. The mountain contains various fauna and flora that has evolved to withstand the intense heat of the desert. Located on the mountain is the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument which was erected in 2000. The Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument covers an area of over two hundred and fifty-two thousand acres. It contains many animal species which are federally protected because of their status as endangered species. This National Monument is managed by a whole host of agencies which include the US Forest Service Forest, California Department of Parks and Recreation, Bureau of Land Management and the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians.
Other popular attractions in and around Palm Springs includes the Palm Springs International Film Festival, Village Fest, Palm Springs Art Museum, Big League Dreams Sports Park, the Bob Hope Classic, Cabot’s Indian Pueblo Museum, historic Palm Canyon Drive, Annenberg Theater, Coachella Valley Museum and Cultural Center, Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, Desert Classic Concours d’Elegance, Desert IMAX Theater, El Paseo Shopping Avenue, Elvis Estate, Elvis Honeymoon Hideaway, Fantasy Springs Resort Casino, GarganOptics Observatory, Knott’s Soak City Waterpark, Modernism Week, Moorten Botanical Garden, Palm Springs Air Museum, Palm Springs Follies at the Historic Plaza Theatre, Palm Springs Exotic Car Auctions, Palm Springs WestFest, Smoke Tree Stables and The Living Desert. Popular restaurants in the area include Johannes, Las Casuelas Terraza, Blue Coyote Grill, Europa Restaurant, Spencers Restaurant, Le Vallauris and Kaiser Grille Palm Springs. Popular hotels and resorts in the city include Hyatt Regency Suites, The Horizon Hotel, Caliente Tropics Hotel, Movie Colony Hotel, Palm Springs Hotel, Marquis Hotel Spa & Resort, Best Western Las Brisas, Ace Hotel & Swim Club, Delmarcos Hotel, Alexander Inn and Palm Springs Riviera Resort & Spa.